Strength Training Normalizes Resting Blood Pressure In 65 To 73 Year Old Men And Women With High Normal BP

By Ty Sevin, Sep 01, 2021

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Martel GF, Hurlbut DE, Lott ME, Lemmer JT, Ivey FM, Roth SM, Rogers MA, Fleg JL, Hurley BF. Department of Kinesiology, College of Health and Human Performance, University of Maryland, College Park 20742, USA.

Objectives

This study sought to determine the effects of heavy resistance strength training (ST) on resting blood pressure (BP) in older men and women. Eleven sedentary, healthy older men (age 69 +/- 1 year) and ten sedentary, healthy older women (age 68 +/- 1 year) participated in six months of progressive whole body ST performed 3 days per week. One-repetition maximum (1 RM) strength was measured for seven different exercises before and after the ST program. Resting blood pressure (BP) was measured on six separate occasions before and after ST for each subject.

Results

Substantial increases in 1 RM strength were observed for upper body and lower body muscle groups for men and women. The ST program also led to significant reductions in systolic BP in men (134 +/- 3 vs 127 +/- 2 mm Hg, P < .01), but not in women (128 +/- 3 vs 125 +/- 3 mm Hg, P < .01). Diastolic BP was reduced following training in both men (81 +/- 3 vs 77 +/- 1, mm Hg, P = .054) and women (78 +/- 2 vs 74 +/- 2 mm Hg, P = .055).

Summary

Six months of heavy resistance ST may reduce resting BP in older persons. Since the changes in resting BP noted in the present study represent a shift from the high-normal to the normal category, heavy resistance ST could play a role in reducing BP for older adults with BP in the high-normal range.

Published in the Journal of American Geriatric Society, 1999 Oct;47(10):1215-21

Link to Original Research

About the author

Ty Sevin

Director of Human Performance, Education and Research

Articles by Ty Sevin >

With over 25 years of coaching experience at both the collegiate and Olympic levels, Ty Sevin is one of the most influential track and field coaches in the country. Ty has worked for the United States Olympic Committee, serving as the Director of the Track and Field Residency Program at the USOC Olympic Training Center in Chula Vista, CA. He has also served as an assistant coach for Team USA on three separate occasions, for both the men’s and women’s teams. Ty himself was a four-time U.S. Olympics Trials qualifier in javelin. Ty most recently spent four years as the Associate Head Coach at the University of Texas at Austin for both the men’s and women’s track and field teams. Prior to that, he led the men’s and women’s track and cross-country teams at the University of New Orleans and McNeese State.

Currently, Ty applies his vast industry experience to the role of Director of Human Performance, Research and Education for Keiser Corporation, where he consults with college and professional sports teams regarding the utilization of Keiser strength equipment. He is also responsible for creating educational curriculum relating to human performance and overseeing Keiser research projects