Benefits of Strength Training on Body Composition in Older Adults

Aug 30, 2021

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Research Articles

The following definitions will be useful in understanding the research studies dealing with body composition.

Body Composition:
The levels of fat mass and lean body mass which make up the composition of the body.

Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry - a scientific test using x-ray technology to determine body composition.

Fat Mass:
The amount of body which is made up of fat. Often referred to as percent body fat.

Hydrostatic weighing - a method of determining fat mass verses lean mass by weighing an individual underwater.

Lean Body Mass:
The amount of body which is made up of muscle, bone, fluids, and internal organs. Often called metabolically active mass or fat free mass.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging - a scientific test that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce colorful images which differentiate between muscle and fat.

Resting Metabolic Rate:
The number of calories (i.e., energy required) to sustain the body while at rest.

A test done to measure the subcutaneous fat.

Subcutaneous Fat:
Fat stored directly under the skin surface