Benefits of Strength Training on Body Composition in Older Adults
- Assessment of Strength Training Effects on Leg Composition in Older Men Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Increased Energy Requirements and Changes in Body Composition with Resistance Training in Older Adults
- Effects of Strength Training on Body Composition in Older Men
- One Year of Strength Training and Weight Loss in Older Women: Effects on Body Composition
The following definitions will be useful in understanding the research studies dealing with body composition.
The levels of fat mass and lean body mass which make up the composition of the body.
Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry - a scientific test using x-ray technology to determine body composition.
The amount of body which is made up of fat. Often referred to as percent body fat.
Hydrostatic weighing - a method of determining fat mass verses lean mass by weighing an individual underwater.
Lean Body Mass:
The amount of body which is made up of muscle, bone, fluids, and internal organs. Often called metabolically active mass or fat free mass.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging - a scientific test that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce colorful images which differentiate between muscle and fat.
Resting Metabolic Rate:
The number of calories (i.e., energy required) to sustain the body while at rest.
A test done to measure the subcutaneous fat.
Fat stored directly under the skin surface