A Randomized Controlled Trial of Progressive Resistance Training in Depressed Elders

By Ty Sevin, Sep 01, 2021

< Back to Benefits of Strength Training on Sleep and Depression in Older Adults

Nalin A. Singh, Karen M. Clements, and Maria A. Fiatarone; Division on Aging, Harvard Medical School. Brockton/West Roxbury VA Medical Center. The Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for Aged, Roslindale, Massachusetts. The Jean Mayer U.S. Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University.

Objectives

The researchers tested the hypothesis that strength training would reduce depression while also improving physical capacity, quality of life, morale, function and self efficacy without adverse events in an older, significantly depressed population. Thirty two subjects aged 60-84 were placed, for 10 weeks, in either a supervised strength training program three times per week or an attention-control group.

Results

Strength training significantly reduced all depression measures. In addition, quality of life sub-scales of body pain, vitality, social functioning and role emotional were all significantly improved by exercise when compared to the controls. Strength increased an average of 33% in exercisers and decreased by ≈ 2% in controls. Intensity of training was closely related to decreases in depression scores.

Summary

Strength training is an effective antidepressant in depressed elders, while also improving strength, morale, and quality of life. While no one form of exercise has been proven superior in reducing depression, strength training in two published studies had higher compliance and lower drop-out rates than has been shown with aerobic exercise. This study provides further evidence that strength training should be an integral part of exercise programming for seniors.

Keiser Equipment Used

Chest press, lat pull down, leg press, leg extension

Published in Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, Vol. 52A, No. 1, M27-M35, 1997.

Link to Original Research

About the author

Ty Sevin

Director of Human Performance, Education and Research

Articles by Ty Sevin >

With over 25 years of coaching experience at both the collegiate and Olympic levels, Ty Sevin is one of the most influential track and field coaches in the country. Ty has worked for the United States Olympic Committee, serving as the Director of the Track and Field Residency Program at the USOC Olympic Training Center in Chula Vista, CA. He has also served as an assistant coach for Team USA on three separate occasions, for both the men’s and women’s teams. Ty himself was a four-time U.S. Olympics Trials qualifier in javelin. Ty most recently spent four years as the Associate Head Coach at the University of Texas at Austin for both the men’s and women’s track and field teams. Prior to that, he led the men’s and women’s track and cross-country teams at the University of New Orleans and McNeese State.

Currently, Ty applies his vast industry experience to the role of Director of Human Performance, Research and Education for Keiser Corporation, where he consults with college and professional sports teams regarding the utilization of Keiser strength equipment. He is also responsible for creating educational curriculum relating to human performance and overseeing Keiser research projects